Binge Drinking In Greek Organizations
Many substances are abused on campuses with Greek organizations, but alcohol is easily the one that causes the most concern. Binge drinking is far more common among Greeks than among non-affiliated students.
4 out of 5 fraternity and sorority members are binge drinkers. In comparison, other research suggests 2 out of 5 college students overall are regular binge drinkers.
Binge drinking contributes to accidents, sexual assaults, emergency room visits, and deaths on college campuses. It isn’t just the drinkers facing the consequences either. Approximately 83% of Greek housing residents report having suffered as a result of their brothers’ and sisters’ alcohol consumption. Learn more about binge drinking in college.
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Fraternities And Substance Abuse
Members of both fraternities and sororities are at a higher risk for binge drinking and drug use than the rest of the college population. However, research suggests that young men are more likely to drink excessively than young women are. Men are also more likely than women to engage in risky or dangerous activities or feel pressured by male competition.
Because of this, fraternity members (specifically those who are white and under 25) comprise the group of college students at the highest risk of developing a substance abuse problem.
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Greek Life And Substance Abuse
While the Greek system provides social and professional benefits to college students, its members are also much more likely to abuse alcohol and drugs than their non-Greek affiliated peers. There are several possible reasons that being involved with a fraternity or sorority makes students more likely to drink or do drugs, including:
Peer pressure is hard to avoid when it’s around at all times. Students living on campus are more likely to drink or do drugs. This likelihood is even further increased when a student lives in Greek housing.
Hazing Or Initiation Rituals
Fraternities, sororities, and even athletic teams and other clubs may include some form of hazing as part of their membership initiation rituals. Hazing nearly always involves alcohol to some extent. In the worst cases, hazing can lead to alcohol poisoning, accidents, and even death.
Lack Of Supervision
In many cases, there are no resident assistants or rule enforcers in Greek housing to keep drinking levels down. Leaders of fraternities and sororities are upperclassmen who are still young people themselves. Additionally, campus officials may be willing to look the other way on Greek-sanctioned activities because of the positive economic impact of having certain fraternities or sororities represented at their school.
Because many college students pledge Greek organizations in the hope of establishing a strong social bond, they can be especially vulnerable to the social pressures that come with membership. If a student believes that binge drinking or drug use will make them seem more fun or more cool, they are more likely to engage in the behavior.
Challenges Facing Sorority Members
Up to 62% of sorority members admit to drinking heavily compared to only about 41% of college women not in the Greek system. Excessive drinking can lead to abuse of other substances and encourage engagement in risky behaviors.
Sororities can also act as an incubator for self-esteem issues; triggers for emotional trauma may occur during hazing rituals and other negative interactions with sorority sisters. According to a survey, parents of sorority members were 3 times as likely to worry about their daughter’s body image and self-esteem than parents of women students outside of the Greek system.
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The Problem With Hazing
Approximately 55% of students who join fraternities, sororities, sports teams, or clubs face hazing.
Young men and women may come to college with less experience and lower alcohol tolerances than their older brothers and sisters in the Greek system. Not knowing one’s limits while also deeply wanting to fit in can lead to catastrophe.
A disproportionate amount of alcohol-related deaths within fraternities happen to freshmen. In fact, of the 24 fraternity-related freshmen deaths since 2005, 15 occurred during or after recruiting events or hazing and initiation rituals.
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Get Help For Someone You Know
If you or someone you know is in a fraternity or sorority and facing a substance abuse problem, get help as soon as you can. Get in touch with a treatment provider today.
Jeffrey Juergens earned his Bachelor’s and Juris Doctor from the University of Florida. Jeffrey’s desire to help others led him to focus on economic and social development and policy making. After graduation, he decided to pursue his passion of writing and editing. Jeffrey’s mission is to educate and inform the public on addiction issues and help those in need of treatment find the best option for them.
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David embarked on his journey into sobriety in June of 2005, which led him to his current career path as a Certified Professional Addiction Recovery Coach in private practice in Greater Nashville. David is also a public speaker and the author of two books. David is cohost of the weekly Positive Sobriety Podcast, as well as being a frequent contributor to various articles and recovery based materials. As a member of the National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors (NAADAC), David works closely with area treatment centers, recovery orientated nonprofit organizations, as well as being a keynote speaker for various recovery-focused events.
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- U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2008). Health Behavior and College Students: Does Greek Affiliation Matter? Retrieved on August 14, 2014 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2430938/
- Bloomberg. (2013). Fraternities Scuttle Proposals to Ban Freshman Rush After Drinking Deaths. Retrieved on August 14, 2014 http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-10-15/cal-poly-brings-back-freshman-pledging-after-lobbying.html
- The New York Times. (2012). When a Hazing Goes Very Wrong. Retrieved on August 14, 2014 http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/15/education/edlife/a-hazing-at-cornell.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0