Addiction Facts And Figures In Indonesia
Indonesia is a lush country popular for tourists who seek to enjoy its volcanic and green scenery. An exciting and peaceful destination, Indonesia remains the largest drug destination in Asia. Some factors of Indonesian drug activity include drug dealers from other countries who sell drugs to foreigner tourists. With the reputation as a drug trafficking hub, Indonesia also experiences drug abuse as well as drug imports.
The country boasts 273,523,615 inhabitants, 6,000,000 of whom suffer from a drug and alcohol addiction, or a substance use disorder (SUD). In 2002, Indonesia saw an increase in substance abuse, with a reported 17.8% of people with an SUD dying from fatal overdoses. As of 2004, an estimated 1.5% of the population aged 15 to 64 years of age in Indonesia abused harmful chemicals. About 71% consumed Marijuana, and 15% abused Meth.
Unfortunately, children are not immune from the grips of substance use in Indonesia, and a younger population of Indonesians are reported to use drugs more than adults. In recent years, 5,900,000 Indonesian children out of the 87,000,000 children were reportedly using drugs — 1,600,000 are drug dealers. Furthermore, children often act as mules for drug trafficking, as they often go under the radar. In response, strides are being made to solve the drug problems and fight addiction in Indonesia; however, 50 people still die each day in Indonesia because of drug overdoses. As a result, 60 drug-related networks in the country have resulted in the loss of $63,000,000,000,000 Indonesian rupiah (equating to $4,000,000 dollars).
5,900,000 Indonesian children out of the 87,000,000 children were reported abusing drugs — 1,600,000 are drug dealers.
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Intravenous Drug Use And Risks In Indonesia
As of 2000, a study noted there were 1,500,000 drug users in Indonesia, with 124,000 to 1,000,000 classified as intravenous drug users. Intravenous drug use (IVD) is defined as the injection of a substance into the vein using a needle. Typically, the most commonly abused drugs in this form include Heroin, Cocaine, Meth, Fentanyl and other Opioid Painkillers, and some prescription Stimulants. Those struggling with an SUD may prefer this method of drug use, as the effects are felt shortly after injection.
The effects of the drug tend to be felt intensely, in a matter of minutes, quickly entering the bloodstream. Short-term effects depend on the drug used; however, long-term effects range from wounds at injection site; heart-valve infection (endocarditis); abscesses; wound botulisms; hepatitis B and C; collapsed veins; and HIV/AIDS. In cases of repeated drug use, fatal overdoses can occur, as well as complications from HIV and AIDS and other health-related difficulties.
Alcoholism In Indonesia
Indonesia is a Muslim country, and many regard drinking and drug use as a sin. Moreover, alcohol is illegal but can be purchased in bars and restaurants; it has “over 100 regulations to control its use.” Additionally, the Indonesian government has restrictions on importing alcohol. Despite these measures, homemade beers and alcohol are popularly enjoyed throughout the country, leading to many deaths.
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CNN reports there were “300 deaths between 2003 and 2013” because of this unlicensed alcohol. In 2010, a Methanol-laced alcoholic beverage led to the deaths of 16 tourists; 23 people had died previously because of a drink with similar ingredients. In 2018, cases still emerged of alcohol poisoning and people dying because of bootleg liquor. By the same year, there were 500 deaths, and 141 people were admitted to the hospital due to alcohol poisoning. Sadly, low income people who can’t afford to drink from bars and restaurants opt for homemade versions. These often contain ingredients like Methanol that had byproducts that can cause severe harm and death when combined with alcohol.
Popularly consumed bootleg liquor contains ingredients like Methanol that had byproducts that can cause severe harm and death when combined with alcohol.
Harm Reduction Programs And Prevention
Indonesia has some of the strictest drug use laws in Southeast Asia. For one, Indonesian authorities have permission to enforce a “shoot-on-sight” policy for drug dealers and drug traffickers. Despite this, drug abuse rates are increasing, and people who abuse drugs have been sent to jail. Fortunately, judges can offer rehabilitation programs for inmates who abused drugs after their trials. Not surprisingly, going to jail doesn’t do much to help those battling substance abuse, however, going to rehab can bring about much-needed help.
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Drug Treatment Medications And Treatment For Addiction In Indonesia
According to the International Society of Substance Use Professionals, the Indonesian government is responsible for drug and alcohol treatment for those with and SUD. There is a budget used to assist those with SUDs; out-of-pocket payment is typically the method used to fund SUD treatment. There are 3 main modes of substance abuse treatment for addiction in Indonesia, including:
- Specialized treatment in Jakarta
- Integration of substance abuse (with mental health support)
- Integrated SUD treatment with general healthcare with Methadone maintenance treatment
Drugs like Methadone are commonly used to treat Opioid abuse in Indonesia. Benzodiazepines typically assist in alcohol withdrawal and associated symptoms like anxiety, nausea, cravings, and sweating. Nurse practitioners, psychiatrists, and general practitioners are available to assist those along their recovery.
Explore Your Recovery Options
Finding help and making a decision for drug abuse recovery doesn’t have to be a challenging and intimidating experience. Treatment providers are available to answer questions. If you or a loved one is need of help, contact a treatment provider and begin exploring your treatment options.
Krystina Murray has received a B.A. in English at Georgia State University, has over 5 years of professional writing and editing experience, and over 15 years of overall writing experience. She enjoys traveling, fitness, crafting, and spreading awareness of addiction recovery to help people transform their lives.
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- TheConversation.com. Wicaksana, Ashar Dio. (2018.) Why Indonesia Should Stop Sending Drug Users To Prison. Retrieved On June 10, 2020 from https://theconversation.com/why-indonesia-should-stop-sending-drug-users-to-prison-101137
- The International Society of Substance Use Professionals. Indonesia. Retrieved On June 10, 2020 from https://www.issup.net/knowledge-share/country-profiles/indonesia
- Pro.org. Gelling, Pater. (2010.) Alcohol Consumption In Indonesia. Retrieved On June 10, 2020 from https://www.pri.org/stories/2010-04-01/alcohol-consumption-indonesia
- Who.Int. (2010.) Atlas For Substance Use Disorders. Retrieved On June 10, 2020 from https://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/atlas_report/profiles/indonesia.pdf?ua=1
- JakartaGlobe.id. Doran, Will. Gunawan, Ricky. (2020.) The Time Has Come For Indonesia To Decriminalize Drugs. Retrieved On June 10, 2020 from https://jakartaglobe.id/opinion/the-time-has-come-for-indonesia-to-decriminalize-drugs
- StraitTimes.com. The Jakarta Post. (2017.) 55 Dead In Indonesian War On Drugs. Retrieved On June 10, 2020 from https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/55-dead-in-indonesias-war-on-drugs-with-shoot-on-sight-policy
- IntPolicyDigest.org. Tarahita, Dlkanaya. Rakhmat, Muhammad. (2018.) Drug Use Among Indonesian Children Is Pervasive. Retrieved On June 10, 2020 from https://intpolicydigest.org/2018/11/08/drug-use-among-indonesian-children-is-pervasive/
- World O Meter. (2020). Indonesia Population. Retrieved June 19, 2020 from https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/indonesia-population/#:~:text=The%20current%20population%20of%20Indonesia,of%20the%20total%20world%20population.
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David embarked on his journey into sobriety in June of 2005, which led him to his current career path as a Certified Professional Addiction Recovery Coach in private practice in Greater Nashville. David is also a public speaker and the author of two books. David is cohost of the weekly Positive Sobriety Podcast, as well as being a frequent contributor to various articles and recovery based materials. As a member of the National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors (NAADAC), David works closely with area treatment centers, recovery orientated nonprofit organizations, as well as being a keynote speaker for various recovery-focused events.
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