Alcohol and Drug Abuse Trends in Frederick, Maryland
Frederick, Maryland is the county seat of Frederick County and a part of the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. Located near Maryland’s border with Pennsylvania just one hour away from both Washington D.C. and Baltimore, Frederick is an ideal city for people that want a small-town feel that isn’t far away from big-city action. Frederick has experienced an explosive population increase in recent years due to the close proximity to the Washington metro area and is home to an estimated 71,408 people. With the rising population, the city has also tragically seen an increase in the use of alcohol and drugs, particularly opioids.
The Opioid Crisis in Frederick
Opioid abuse is a national epidemic and Frederick has not been spared of its terrible effects. Heroin and other opioid-related overdoses have substantially increased in Maryland throughout recent years and is currently the leading cause of death in state’s young adult population. According to the Maryland Health Department’s year-end report for 2017, a total of 78 people died of intoxication last year in Frederick County. Of those deaths, 35 were the result of heroin overdoses and 17 were attributed to prescription opioids. Many officials are accrediting this increase due to the upsurge of heroin sold in the area that’s laced or cut with fentanyl, a deadly synthetic opioid that is 100 times stronger than morphine. Many consumers have no idea that the drugs they are buying contain the deadly opioid, significantly increasing the risk of overdose. Fentanyl was linked to 49 deaths in Frederick during 2018. Fentanyl is now the leading cause of overdose death in both Frederick County and the state of Maryland.
The drugs are getting stronger, such as carfentanil and fentanyl, which have caused opioid-related overdoses to skyrocket since 2016.
In an effort to curb these staggering statistics, Frederick officials are hosting several drug take-back events throughout the city and informative training sessions on how to administer the overdose reversal drug Naloxone. The Frederick County Drug and Alcohol Services Department is also sponsoring a social-norming campaign to correct misconceptions about drug and alcohol use and encourage the city’s youth to make more positive choices.
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According to the County Community Health Assessment, 52,578 Frederick adults have experienced 3+ adverse childhood experiences during adolescence, or 27.2% of the adult population. Adverse childhood experiences are traumatic incidents in a child’s life that cause toxic stress – particularly that of abuse, neglect, and exposure to violence. Toxic stress builds up and overwhelms a child’s ability to cope when exposure to adversity happens. Toxic stress undermines brain architecture and function, which increases the risk of negative physical and mental health outcomes later in life. Having multiple ACEs increases risk for negative behavioral and mental outcomes, including substance abuse. The percentage of adults that experienced trauma as children is significantly higher than the Maryland average and is labeled as “moderately severe” by surveyors.
In addition to the contributing factors of household distress and neglect, easy accessibility also raises a young individual’s probability to abuse drugs and alcohol. According to the County Community Health Assessment, 26.4% of teens categorize alcohol and/or over-the-counter drugs as “easy” or “very easy” to get. Underage drinking in those aged 12-20 is significantly higher for both alcohol use and binge alcohol use in Frederick County than the state average.31.9% of Frederick County high schoolers admit to using alcohol in the past month and 16.2% say that they engaged in binge drinking in the past month. The amount of high school students that use drugs is also higher than the Maryland state average, and is currently one of the main community risk factors.
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Frederick Addiction Statistics
Between the years of 2016 and 2017, the number of Fentanyl-related deaths increased by 42%.
In 2017, Fentanyl was involved in an estimated 72% of all opioid overdose deaths in Frederick County.
Roughly 2,000 people died in Maryland from opioid overdoses in 2016, a number that’s approximately twice that from the year before.
Addiction is a disease and can happen to anyone. If you are an individual struggling with addiction in the Frederick area there are multiple resources available to you. There are 10 treatment facilities located right in town and countless more across the state of Maryland. If you’re ready to end your battle with addiction, contact a dedicated treatment professional today and learn more about your options.