Drug Abuse Trends in West Valley City, Utah
West Valley City is a sizable suburb of 129,480 residents to the west of Salt Lake City, Utah. Accordingly, it’s the second-largest city in Utah and Salt Lake County. Starting in 1999, the state has seen increasing rates of substance abuse, fatal overdose, drug-related crime, and suicide. Between 2014 and 2016, Utah had a higher drug-induced death rate than the U.S. According to Utah’s SocioNeeds metrics (a measurement of socioeconomic indicators that lead to poor health outcomes), West Valley City and a neighboring zip code to the north rank as the second- and third-worst zip codes in the state.
The most common substances of abuse in the West Valley City are:
Utah is known for its social conservatism and has maintained stricter laws concerning alcohol consumption than other states. However, from 2012 to 2016, reports show rates of alcohol abuse and alcohol-related injury have risen in Salt Lake County. 14.9% of adults reported regular drinking in the county, compared with a state rate of 11.5%. Of those who drink, 39.4% reported binge drinking, compared with 30.7% nationally. Moreover, one of five 12th graders in the area reported underage drinking in the past 30 days.
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Opioid Abuse in West Valley City
In 2016, Utah ranked fourth in opioid-related overdoses in the U.S. Males made up 60% of opioid-related deaths in 2013, but due to a sharp increase in female overdose rates, 54% of deaths in 2015 were males. Emergency department visits, more common among females, totaled 1,443 between 2013 and 2014 in Salt Lake County. Between 2014 and 2015, the county suffered 531 opioid-related deaths; equal to 24.68 incidents per 100,000 people. Of over 13,000 individuals with a substance use disorder receiving treatment funded by the state, 39% had an opioid use disorder (OUD).
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Substance Abuse Statistics for West Valley City
From 2007 to 2017, opioid-related deaths climbed 400% in Utah.
The state treated 1,662 people for opioid addiction between 2012 and 2016.
The state treated 4,060 people for heroin addiction between 2012 and 2016.
Addiction Treatment in West Valley City
Utah’s Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health (DSAMH) was formed to manage publicly-funded substance abuse and mental health services. Utah has the fifth-highest overall suicide rate in the country (25.2 per 100,000). Suicide deaths have risen 46.5% since 1999. Studies show that a large portion of substance abuse cases can be linked to past trauma and mental health issues. Therefore, these reports, along with a concurrent rise in substance abuse and deaths, demonstrate the importance of care for these chronic disorders.
Utah’s Department of Human Services has provided substance use disorder treatment to over 13,400 adults and 1,329 adolescents.
Salt Lake County offers the following services to residents (treatment fees are adjusted per income level):
- Methadone treatment
- Outpatient counseling
- Day treatment
- Residential support
- Residential treatment (adolescent, adult, and women with dependents)
- Transitional housing
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