Like other benzodiazepines, Librium is a habit-forming, psychotropic drug. Users who are prescribed Librium for a legitimate medical purpose, like to treat insomnia or anxiety, can still develop a dependence on the drug. Some people start abusing Librium by ramping up their dosage because they are no longer experiencing the desired effect. Others start using Librium to purposefully get high or to enhance the effects of other drugs. Those with underlying mental conditions are also at a greater risk of becoming addicted to Librium.
Any abuse of Librium—especially prolonged abuse—increases the user’s chance of developing an addiction.
When a Librium addiction is forming, a user may exhibit the following behavioral signs:
- Doctor shopping to get more Librium prescriptions
- Misusing the drug by taking higher dosages than recommended
- Lying to family members about Librium use
- Resorting to illegal methods to obtain the drug, such as forging prescriptions
- Making Librium use the focus of their day
- Neglecting normal responsibilities or relationships
- Wanting to quit taking Librium, but being unable to do so
- Struggling financially due to cost of getting Librium
- A need for higher doses to feel the effects of Librium (tolerance)
- Sweating, rapid heart rate, tremors and other symptoms when trying to stop the drug (withdrawal)
Quitting Librium is not just difficult without professional help; it can also be dangerous. When people abuse Librium over a long period of time, their neural pathways change as their brain adjusts to the constant presence of the drug. The user becomes physically dependent on Librium to feel normal and function properly. After a dependence has developed, abruptly ending use of Librium will cause uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. Even taking the prescribed dosage of Librium for just six to eight weeks can result in withdrawal. The withdrawal process can be very uncomfortable and is best managed by a medical professional. Even worse, some of the withdrawal symptoms of Librium can be dangerous, or even deadly.
If you or someone you love is struggling with an addiction to Librium, get help now.
Understanding Librium (Chlordiazepoxide)
Librium is the brand name of chlordiazepoxide. It was the first benzodiazepine to be synthesized, hitting the market in the 1950s. Librium is a schedule IV regulated drug as classified by the Controlled Substances Act. The drug is primarily used as a short-term remedy to treat anxiety disorders and is also used to treat symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal and relax patients before surgery. Like other benzos, Librium may additionally be used to treat insomnia, muscle tension, seizures, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
The drug directly affects the brain and central nervous system, producing a sense of calm in the user. It works by enhancing the effects of GABA, a neurotransmitter in the body. Librium is a white, crystalline substance that comes in multi-colored capsules. The drug comes in 5 mg, 10 mg, and 25 mg strengths. It is typically swallowed in capsule form. The contents of the capsule can also be snorted or mixed with water and injected.
The half-life of Librium is 5 to 30 hours, making it an intermediate to long acting benzodiazepine. It can take several hours to feel the full effects of Librium.
|How Long Do Benzos Stay in the Body?|
|Length of Action||Short-acting||Intermediate||Long-acting|
|Time||2-4 hours||6-12 hours||5-30 hours|
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Street Names for Librium
Street names for Librium include:
- Blue bombs
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Librium Effects and Abuse
Librium causes the user to feel very relaxed, which is the primary reason people abuse the drug. Some who suffer from anxiety disorders or insomnia abuse Librium for its calming effects.
If taken in large doses, Librium can produce a “high” similar to alcohol intoxication.
Taking higher and more frequent doses than what’s prescribed—often multiple times the prescribed dosage—is considered abuse of Librium. Using the drug without a prescription is also substance abuse. Recreational users take Librium to achieve a high. They often procure the drug from the street, online or by doctor shopping. Recreational Librium users tend to take much higher doses than what’s commonly prescribed by doctors. Because Librium has a reputation for being less strong than most benzos, people often take it in combination with other drugs to boost its effects, despite the high risk of blacking out and potential of fatal respiratory failure. The drug is also used to curb the effects of harder drugs, like cocaine.
Combining Librium with other drugs is dangerous, as it increases the risk of overdose. Symptoms of Librium overdose include:
- Blacking out
- Extreme drowsiness
- Slowed reflexes
- Low blood pressure
Overdosing on Librium can be fatal. If you are worried that an overdose is occurring in others or yourself, seek medical attention immediately.
Common Librium Drug Combinations
Using multiple drugs at the same time is called polydrug use. It is estimated that 80 percent of benzodiazepine abuse is part of a greater polydrug abuse cycle. Librium is commonly combined with alcohol, opioids and cocaine. Users often start taking Librium with alcohol once a tolerance has developed and the drug’s effects are no longer as potent. When alcohol and Librium are mixed, the depressive effects of both drugs are intensified, producing deep sedation and stupor. Benzodiazepines are commonly taken with opioids, such as heroin, because they enhance the euphoric effects of opioids. Individuals who use Librium with cocaine sometimes use the drug to temper some of the effects of the stimulant. They may take Librium to help them come down from their cocaine high.
People who combine Librium with other drugs are more likely to experience adverse side effects, such as respiratory depression, blackouts and extreme sedation. Mixing Librium with other drugs also increases the chance of overdose, which can be fatal.
Librium Abuse Statistics
Every year in the U.S., doctors write more than 50 million prescriptions for benzos, including Librium.
Approximately 11-15% of Americans have a bottle of benzos in their medicine cabinet, according to the American Psychiatric Association.
In 2011, benzodiazepines were involved in 31% of opioid-analgesic overdose deaths. In 1999, benzos only accounted for 13% of these deaths.
Librium Addiction Treatment
Librium addiction can be difficult to beat, but you don’t have to do it on your own. Treatment providers are available to help all across the country. Please contact a dedicated treatment provider for help finding a treatment center that’s right for you.