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Ecstasy Addiction and Abuse

A “party drug” popular among young people and commonly known as ecstasy or molly, MDMA abuse can cause serious and long-lasting side effects.

Understanding Ecstasy, MDMA and Molly

EcstasyEcstasy is the street name for a version of MDMA, or 3,4 methylenedioxy-methamphetamine. It is an illegal, synthetic drug classified as a stimulant with potentially hallucinogenic properties. Molly is another name for MDMA. Both ecstasy and molly are made from MDMA, but ecstasy is used to describe a designer version in pill or tablet form, while molly is used for the white powder or crystal-like substance.

Although molly is marketed as a pure form of MDMA, there is no way for users to know what’s in it. Both molly and ecstasy may be cut with other ingredients, including:

  • Cocaine
  • LSD
  • Heroin
  • Amphetamine
  • Caffeine
  • Rat poison

MDMA in its pure form is difficult to come by. Most of the drug is smuggled into the U.S. from Canada. MDMA is classified as a Schedule I Controlled Substance, meaning it has a high potential for abuse and no currently accepted medical use. If you or someone you care about has a problem with ecstasy, get in touch with us now for help.

Ecstasy Effects and Abuse

Ecstasy and molly promote a feeling of well-being, happiness and friendliness. These drugs enhance the user’s sense of sight, sound, smell and touch. Ecstasy and molly are common at dance clubs and raves, allowing the user to take advantage of their heightened sensations. The effects of Ecstasy use include:

  • Euphoria
  • Heightened senses
  • Calmness and relaxation
  • Long-lasting energy
  • Empathy for others
  • Lowered inhibitions

Like most drugs, ecstasy and molly interfere with the brain’s pleasure center and natural levels of dopamine.

Although the “high” from the drugs usually only lasts a few hours, the crash can last for days.

Because ecstasy is illegal, any use of it is considered abuse. Some versions of ecstasy and molly do not contain any MDMA at all and the person buying them is none the wiser. Sometimes MDMA is replaced with PMA (paramethoxyamphetamine). PMA may create similar feelings to MDMA, but the onset is longer. It has a much lower lethal dose, so when users try to take more to achieve the feeling they get from MDMA, overdose is a serious possibility.

Overdosing on ecstasy means taking more than the recreational dose. Ecstasy overdose can cause seizures, foaming at the mouth and a spike in body temperature. These can cause heatstroke or aggravate an underlying heart condition, both of which can prove to be fatal.

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Addiction to Ecstasy, MDMA

Recognizing an addiction to ecstasy can be difficult because the drug lacks obvious withdrawal symptoms and is often used among young people in social settings. Regardless, continued use of ecstasy can lead to psychological and physical dependence. When someone is addicted to ecstasy, they will continue to use the drug despite knowing the consequences. Even when ecstasy is not the only drug causing dependence, it can be a piece of a multi-drug patchwork of addiction.

The most telling sign of an ecstasy addiction is wanting to stop but being unable to.

Other criteria include developing a tolerance to ecstasy, spending an extraordinary amount of time trying to get it, and using more of it than intended. Find out more about the criteria of diagnosing an addiction.

Ecstasy and Other Drugs

Commonly abused as a “party drug,” ecstasy is popular among college students, especially at raves and concerts. Studies suggest approximately 1 out of every 10 college students have experimented with the drug, and the rates of polydrug abuse are far higher among ecstasy users than other groups of drug users.

One study found that 98 percent of college students who had used ecstasy had also used marijuana. Ecstasy abusers were far more likely (anywhere from 3 times to about 30 times) to abuse inhalants, LSD, cocaine and heroin.

Ecstasy Abuse Statistics

92percent

92% of those who begin using ecstasy later turn to other drugs including marijuana, amphetamines, cocaine and heroin.

9million

The UN Office on Drugs and Crime estimates ecstasy users (mostly teens and young adults) number approximately 9 million worldwide.

1,200percent

Emergency room visits due to ecstasy have increased by more than 1,200% since ecstasy became the “club drug” of choice at all-night raves.

Treating an Ecstasy Addiction

If you or someone you care about is struggling with an ecstasy use disorder, now’s the time to ask for help. Learn more about treatment for ecstasy abuse and addiction or call us right now for more information on your options.

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Sources & Author Last Edited: April 12, 2016

  1. Frances, R. J., & Miller, S.I. (1998) Clinical Textbook of Addictive Disorders, Second Edition. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
  2. Drug Enforcement Administration. (2014) Drug Scheduling. Retrieved on March 21, 2014, from: http://www.justice.gov/dea/druginfo/ds.shtml
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