Arkansas Addiction Treatment
Substance abuse, specifically involving prescription pain relievers and marijuana, is a dangerous threat to many Arkansas teens and young adults. In 2007 and 2009, Arkansas had some of the highest rates in the country for the non-medical use of prescription pain relievers among those ages 12 and older.
The rate of Arkansas 12th graders using sedatives is triple the national rate. In addition, more than 45 percent of Arkansas youth have experimented with alcohol.
Across Arkansas, addiction treatment centers see a wide range of substance abuse cases including:
Two of the most accessible drugs in Arkansas are methamphetamine and cocaine. Both substances make their way into the state by Mexican drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) via highways I-30 and I-40. Arkansas also has one primary airport, Little Rock National Airport. With service to cities across the U.S. and other major international airports, Little Rock National Airport is frequently used to transport illicit substances.
Over the past several decades, methamphetamine has been a huge concern for Arkansas residents. While wholesale quantities of methamphetamine are generally produced by Mexican DTOs, the number of local manufacturers continues to rise. Once methamphetamine is produced, it is distributed around residential areas, parking lots, bars, clubs and restaurants. Methamphetamine-related violence has affected many communities around the state. For instance, when methamphetamine begins to wear off, the user is prone to severe depression, anxiety, hallucinations and paranoia. In recent years, the percentage of federal sentences involving methamphetamine crime was more than twice the national average.
Another common drug in Arkansas is cocaine. While powdered cocaine is frequently available in large and small cities, crack cocaine is usually only found in urban areas. Similar to methamphetamine, whole quantities of cocaine are transported from Mexico. Street gangs and independent dealers also distribute cocaine, but in smaller quantities at a local level.
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Laws of Arkansas Drug Use
Drug-related crimes are harshly punished in Arkansas. To determine the severity of legal penalties, substances are organized into six schedules. Schedules I and II include highly addictive and dangerous drugs such as opiates, hallucinogenic substances and narcotic drugs. Schedules V and VI are made up of substances that have a low risk of dependency and are often used for medical purposes. The drugs in schedules V and VI encompass depressants, some stimulants and narcotic drugs that contain nonnarcotic active medicinal ingredients.
Criminal charges involving drugs are classified as either a misdemeanor or felony. Misdemeanors are broken into three classes: A, B and C. Class A misdemeanor penalties are the toughest, and entail longer jail time and higher fines. Felonies are more serious crimes that can be classified in five ways: Class Y, A, B, C and D. Class Y involves the most dangerous crimes, whereas class D is the least serious of the felonies.
|Class A||Up to 1 year in jail and $2,500 fine|
|Class B||Up to 90 days in jail and $1,000 fine|
|Class C||Up to 30 days in jail and $500 fine|
|Class Y||10 – 40 years in jail (or life sentence for serious crimes)|
|Class A||6 – 30 years in jail and $15,000 fine|
|Class B||5 – 20 years in jail and $15,000 fine|
|Class C||3 – 10 years in jail and $10,000 fine|
|Class D||Up to 6 years in jail and $10,000 fine|
Marijuana Laws in Arkansas
Medical and recreational marijuana are both illegal in Arkansas. Any form of possession, distribution or manufacturing of marijuana will face strict legal penalties. Sentencing is typically doubled for multiple convictions. Some criminal charges may come with a mandatory minimum sentence (MMS) which means there is no chance for parole.
|Possession of Marijuana|
|Amount||Criminal Charge||Potential Sentence|
|Less than 4 oz (first offense)||Misdemeanor||Up to 1 year in jail and $2,500 fine|
|1 – less than 4 oz (subsequent offense)||Felony||Up to 6 years in jail and $10,000 fine|
|4 oz – less than 10 lbs||Felony||Up to 6 years in jail and $10,000 fine|
|10 – less than 25 lbs||Felony||3 – 10 years in jail and $10,000 fine|
|25 – less than 100 lbs||Felony||5 – 20 years in jail and $15,000 fine|
|100 – less than 500 lbs||Felony||6 – 30 years in jail and $15,000 fine|
Possession of marijuana paraphernalia including pipes, bongs, scales, bowls and rolling paper is also punishable in Arkansas.
|Possession/Delivery||Criminal Charge||Potential Sentence|
|Possession with purpose to use||Misdemeanor||Up to 1 year in jail and $2,500 fine|
|Possession with purpose to grow||Felony||Up to 6 years in jail and $10,000 fine|
|Delivery of smoking paraphernalia to a minor at least 3 years younger||Misdemeanor||Up to 1 year in jail and $2,500 fine|
|Delivery of growing paraphernalia to a minor at least 3 years younger||Felony||5 – 20 years in jail and $15,000 fine|
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Addiction Treatment Laws in Arkansas
Harm reduction laws in Arkansas aim to reduce the negative impact of substance abuse on individuals, family members, friends and the community. Lawmakers view addiction as a treatable disease and work to provide information about healthy living. The laws help people on their own terms and give them time to overcome an addiction at their own pace.
Arkansas Drug Take Back
In 2010, Arkansas Drug Take Back was implemented in an effort to educate residents about secure and safe ways to get rid of old, unused prescription medications.
Through Arkansas Drug Take Back, you can dispose of:
- Prescription medicines
- Over-the-counter medicines
- Pet medicines
- Medicated ointments and lotions
- Certain liquid medicines
- Medicine samples
Arkansas Drug Take Back has over 100 collection sites across the state to ensure proper disposal of expired or unused prescription medications.
Improper disposal of leftover and expired medications put children, pets and the environment at risk. With Arkansas Drug Take Back, individuals can keep those around them safe while also protecting the environment.
Methadone Clinics in Arkansas
Arkansas has a number of methadone clinics available to help opioid users overcome an addiction. Methadone is commonly used by treatment centers to reduce opioid withdrawal symptoms and cravings.
Generally, you will need to meet with a counselor on a frequent basis when you begin taking methadone. The counselor will provide you with information on how to manage triggers and prevent relapse. For the first 90 days, you will receive random drug tests to ensure you’re not currently abusing drugs. Afterwards, meetings will become less frequent.
Methadone is effective in helping you defeat substance abuse; however, it should be used as part of a comprehensive treatment plan to maintain long-term sobriety.
High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) Program
In an effort to combat well-coordinated drug activity, Arkansas is part of the Arkansas-Gulf Coast High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) program. With access to innovative technology and equipment, law enforcement agencies from around the state are able to identify and fight drug organizations. The primary focus of the Arkansas-Gulf Coast HIDTA is to dismantle methamphetamine trafficking organizations and reduce the number of drug shipments from Mexico to the Midwest and eastern states.
Treatment Centers in Arkansas
Arkansas’s Division of Behavioral Health was started by Act 644 of 1977. The division’s primary responsibilities are to distribute federal funds to treatment and prevention programs, as well as oversee local community facilities.
Priority admission for funded treatment programs follows the structure below:
- Pregnant women and injection drug users (IDU)
- Individuals with the greatest clinical need
- People from their Catchment Area
- Residents of Arkansas
- Residents of other states
In addition, the Division of Behavioral Health helps with developing educational programs about substance abuse and other prevention resources. Serving all 75 counties in Arkansas, the division is a great source for addiction referral services and getting community members back on their feet after substance abuse.
When exploring addiction treatment options, consider facilities both locally and out of state. Sometimes an out-of-state facility may provide the amenities, types of therapy and other services that are important to you.
Finding the right treatment center will make all the difference in your recovery journey. Contact a treatment provider now to learn about how to overcome your addiction.