Drug Abuse Trends in Cleveland
Situated on the shores of Lake Erie, Cleveland, Ohio is home to 388,072 residents – with another 3.5 million in the greater Cleveland area (encompassing Akron and Canton). In 2008, the city ranked as the 11th most dangerous in the US. Multiple task forces, starting in the 1980s, formed to crack down on gang activity and drug-related crime. Recently however, Cleveland’s most-fatal concerns have come from the effects of the opioid epidemic.
Ohio’s Opioid Epidemic
Since 2000, drug-related fatalities have increased by almost 800% in Ohio. While prescription painkillers (a form of opioid) grew in popularity across the country (80% of the world’s opioid supply was consumed in the US) fentanyl and heroin quickly took over Cleveland. In 2017, fentanyl was responsible for 492 fatal drug overdoses in Cleveland’s Cuyahoga County alone; there were 727 total county overdose deaths. Previously, nationwide prescription drug-monitoring programs had cut down on the number of medications sold on the street. Consequently, many with dependencies turned to cheaper, more available alternatives, like heroin.
The amount of Cuyahoga County residents who misuse or abuse opioid prescriptions could fill First Energy Stadium and those that transition to heroin could fill up Quicken Loans Arena.
In the latter half of 2017, Ohio’s Substance Abuse Monitoring Network found that 33.7% of the 380 overdose fatalities it had handled in the previous six months involved heroin. Similarly, 89.8% of those cases also involved fentanyl. Cleveland law enforcement describe the most common form of heroin as a brown and white powder blend (often cut with other substances).
The most common cutting agents reported by Ohio’s crime lab were:
- Diphenhydramine (antihistamine)
- Fentanyl and fentanyl equivalents
- Mannitol (diuretic)
- Papverine (vasodilator)
- Quinine (antimalarial)
The number of overdose deaths attributed to carfentanil specifically (a potent fentanyl analog, 10,000 times stronger than morphine) tripled between 2016 and 2017 – climbing from 54 to 191.
Increasingly, cocaine and crack cocaine are being mixed with or co-abused alongside fentanyl and carfentail. Cocaine, a stimulant, and fentanyl, a central nervous system depressant, produce counteractive effects that, instead of canceling each other out, make the body work harder to stay alive. As cocaine forces you to breathe harder and use more oxygen, drugs like fentanyl and heroin slow breathing and heart rate simultaneously; a potentially deadly combination.
Addiction Statistics for Cleveland
In the last six months of 2017, Cuyahoga County processed 380 overdose fatalities, 38.4% of which involved cocaine (powdered and/or crack).
In 2014, 198 deaths were attributed to heroin overdose in Cuyahoga County.
50% of children are placed into Cleveland foster care primarily due to parental substance abuse.
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Addiction Treatment in Cleveland
Ohio has worked to create a comprehensive approach to reducing addiction and overdose, including increasing the accessibility of addiction treatment as well as legislative measures. Ohio passed a 911 Good Samaritan Law, giving immunity from arrest to anyone reporting an overdose (with few exceptions, such as for those on parole), and laws securing addiction treatment medication coverage and availability. Opioid treatment medication, like Suboxone, an anti-overdose medication, and naloxone, are now more easily accessible to residents. Moreover, syringe exchange programs in Cleveland have handled more than 495,000 needles annually and served approximately 4,000 new clients each year.
CenterPoint at the J. Glen Smith Health Center is a major provider of public health services in the area. The majority of its patients are between the ages of 35 and 44, followed by those between 45 and 54. Approximately 50% of participants are a part of the alcohol abuse program; cocaine addiction makes up 18%. For those who can pay, a sliding fee scale is applied to any charges.
Additionally, Cleveland offers Access to Recovery (ATR) vouchers to eligible residents of Cuyahoga, Lorain, Mahoning, Stark, and Summit counties. Vouchers can be used to “purchase substance abuse clinical treatment and recovery support services.”
Treatment services include:
- Intensive outpatient rehab
- Outpatient rehab
- Family Counseling
Getting Help in Cleveland
The effects of drug and alcohol abuse can overwhelm every part of an individual’s life. While some believe the cost of rehab is out of reach, the cost of addiction is much higher. A number of opportunities are available to anyone seeking recovery. Contact a dedicated treatment professional today to talk about your options.
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The Counseling Center provides research and service, teaching and also has the permission of providing effective counseling and psychological services. We do provide career, academic, consultation, personal counseling and outreach programming, group facilitation and training. Other services include guiding individuals and groups who are members of the campus community to meet their respective professional and personal goals.
1836 Euclid Avenue
Cleveland, Ohio 44115
Our college provides students and employees confidential counseling and referral resources on-site. The on-site counselor offers referral services and some counseling to the students and employees with drug and/or alcohol problems. The counselor is capable to provide outpatient treatment as well as short-term treatment if required and will guide students to the appropriate outside agencies. Counseling and consultation services are free for persons, employees and students.
1374 E 51st St
Cleveland, OH 44103
To provide counseling on housing, academics and financial aid to personal matters and more our Student Services department is available to all future and currently enrolled students. The counsellors provide students with a family who cares about them and their success.
1374 E 51st Street
Cleveland, OH 44103
University Health and Counseling Service gives medicinal services and counseling to students of Case Western Reserve University. We esteem a collective, all encompassing way to deal with treating the brain and body.
10900 Euclid Avenue
Cleveland, OH 44106-7046
University Counseling Services (UCS) and its divisions of Collegiate Behavioral Health (CBH) and Prevention & Recovery Services (PRS) offers services which includes individual, couples and group counseling, psychiatric medication management, stress management and recovery support. They also offer students help with their personal counseling and behavioral health needs.
11610 Euclid Avenue
Cleveland, OH 44106 USA
The Counseling Center staffs are available to meet students seeking help on an individual basis. The Counseling Center staff strives to create an atmosphere of openness, trust, respect, and safety so that the students can talk confidentially about anything that is on his or her mind. The counsellors consciously and proactively strive to meet students wherein diversity in attitudes, beliefs or values can be explored and discussed.
1 John Carroll Boulevard
University Heights, OH 44118
We welcome you to the Campus Student Life Resources page on behalf of Notre Dame College and the Division of Student Affairs! To help you learn about the campus, our staff, and other important information this site is a valuable tool for students and parents. To help students succeed personally and professionally, the Division of Student Affairs offers a full complement of support services. We’re concerned with the overall physical, emotional and spiritual growth of the individual.
4545 College Road
Cleveland, OH 44121
The students at Elmira college are offered free counseling services to help them with any issues they may be facing in their academic or personal life.
275 Eastland Rd. Berea
At Ursuline College, the Counseling & Career Services Office offers individual counseling on a short span of time with respect to drug or alcohol enslavement, it refers people to obtainable community resources for formal assessment functions, treatment and/or entrance into support teams such as Alcoholics Anonymous, Al-Anon, Glenbeigh Health Sources of Cleveland, etc. For a lot of info please contact 440 646 8322.
1701 E. 12th Street
Programs in Cleveland
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