Characteristics Of Addiction

Drug addiction is marked by being unable to stop abusing drugs or alcohol. Someone addicted to drugs or alcohol will continue using despite the harm it causes themselves and their loved ones.

Different drugs have different effects on a person’s mind and body. Some substances are more addictive than others. Other drugs have more potent effects. Given enough time, drug abuse often develops into addiction.

If left untreated, alcohol and drug addiction can lead to severe injury or even death.

Many factors can influence whether your loved one could become addicted to drugs or alcohol. Some of these factors include:

  • Genetics
  • Abuse of drugs at an early age
  • Emotional and physical trauma
  • Family history of drug or alcohol use

How To Help A Loved One

Dr. Ashish Bhatt, MD discusses the effect of addiction on families and the value of getting professional help for a loved one.

View All Videos

Why Addiction Is Difficult To Overcome

Contrary to popular belief, quitting is not a matter of willpower or morality. Overcoming addiction is a struggle, even for someone who genuinely wants to stop using. This is because drug abuse actually changes how the brain functions over time.

Some substances, like Heroin, “fool” the brain into releasing certain neurochemicals, producing a euphoric high. Drugs like Cocaine or Methamphetamine cause the brain to release too much of the happiness-inducing chemical dopamine.

Both types of drugs alter the brain’s makeup in ways that make users chemically addicted to them.

People addicted to drugs or alcohol have developed a tolerance or resistance to their substance’s effects. People with a substance use disorder (SUD) will need more of their drug to reach the high they’re used to. Eventually, they’ll have to keep using to even feel normal. When someone addicted to a drug quits “cold turkey,” they can suffer painful withdrawal symptoms.

Withdrawal symptoms are some of the biggest reasons why quitting drugs or alcohol is so difficult.

To ensure your loved one’s safety, it’s important for them to get medical help to manage withdrawal and other health risks of quitting. Stopping use without professional supervision is not only difficult but often dangerous.

Try Online Therapy

Over 3 Million people have turned to BetterHelp for professional online therapy.

Take the quiz and get matched with a therapist.

  • Access to Therapy 24/7
  • Easy Online Scheduling
  • 20,000+ Licensed Therapists

Find a Therapist Now

Paid Advertising. We may receive advertising fees if you follow links to the BetterHelp site.

Explore These Featured Treatment Centers

Loved Ones And Addiction: Coming To Terms With Your Feelings

Addiction affects more than just the person who has an SUD. Family members and loved ones of addicts are often subjected to physical and emotional pain. Alcohol and drug abuse might directly impact your life and your family, but that does not mean you are to blame.

A loved one’s drug addiction and alcoholism is never your fault.

A crucial part of an addict’s recovery is accepting the responsibility to get sober. Accepting that a loved one’s addiction isn’t your fault is also crucial to your family healing. It’s natural to feel hurt by your loved one’s addiction, but it’s important to recognize these emotions for what they are. Holding onto frustration and anger for too long can make rebuilding family trust difficult. Support groups like Al-Anon help family and friends accept these feelings while learning how to support an addicted loved one — and oneself — during addiction recovery.

Looking for a place to start?

Reach out to a treatment provider for free today.

Make a Call (870) 515-4670

- OR -

Request a Call

Loved Ones And Addiction: How To Help

There are numerous ways to help someone you love overcome addiction.

Stage An Intervention

You can enlist a professional to hold a meeting between the addicted person and their loved ones. An intervention can be an effective tool to encourage someone to seek addiction treatment.


Medically-assisted detox is necessary for those with severe addictions to recover safely. Inpatient and outpatient drug detoxes can reduce painful withdrawal symptoms.

Inpatient And Outpatient Drug Rehabs

Treatment centers across the country specialize in inpatient and outpatient addiction recovery. Inpatient drug rehabs offer 24-hour on-site care, while outpatient programs allow recovering addicts to stay at home while undergoing rehab. These clinics can provide your addicted loved one with medical and mental health expertise to help them get — and stay — sober.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Many private therapy practices and drug addiction treatment centers practice cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques to help with recovery. CBT helps addicted people learn how to cope with negative emotions without abusing drugs or alcohol.

Support Groups

Joining a group of like-minded people in recovery can be a great help for loved ones struggling with addiction. For decades, 12-step programs like Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous have supported millions of people during recovery. New self-help programs like SMART Recovery™ offer support as well.

There are many things you can do to help your loved one through this difficult time in their life. It’s important you remain supportive yet firm about treatment. If you want to talk to someone about how to get your loved one treatment for their addiction, contact a treatment provider for help.



Jeffrey Juergens

Photo of Jeffrey Juergens
  • Jeffrey Juergens earned his Bachelor’s and Juris Doctor from the University of Florida. Jeffrey’s desire to help others led him to focus on economic and social development and policy making. After graduation, he decided to pursue his passion of writing and editing. Jeffrey’s mission is to educate and inform the public on addiction issues and help those in need of treatment find the best option for them.

  • More from Jeffrey Juergens

Reviewed by Certified Addiction Professional:

David Hampton

Photo of David Hampton
  • David embarked on his journey into sobriety in June of 2005, which led him to his current career path as a Certified Professional Addiction Recovery Coach in private practice in Greater Nashville. David is also a public speaker and the author of two books. David is cohost of the weekly Positive Sobriety Podcast, as well as being a frequent contributor to various articles and recovery based materials. As a member of the National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors (NAADAC), David works closely with area treatment centers, recovery orientated nonprofit organizations, as well as being a keynote speaker for various recovery-focused events.

  • More from David Hampton