College Drug Abuse
College is a time for experimentation for many young adults, and this can lead them to engage in risky behaviors. Binge drinking, prescription drug abuse, and recreational drug use are all common problems on college campuses.
College Students and Drug Abuse
College students make up one of the largest groups of drug abusers nationwide. Young people (ages 18 to 24) are already at a heightened risk of addiction.
Those who are enrolled in a full-time college program are twice as likely to abuse drugs and alcohol than those who don’t attend college.
Starting out in college produces some natural social anxiety for many students. The temptation to drink is strong because college students overwhelmingly find that alcohol makes socializing easier. Not all college students immediately start binge drinking and doing drugs, but routinely drinking to have more fun leads many students toward addiction.
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Why College Students Turn to Drugs
The high rates of drug abuse among college students can be attributed to a number of factors, including:
- Stress. As students are facing the high demands of coursework, part-time jobs, internships, social obligations and more, many turn to drugs as a way to cope.
- Course load. More students than ever are taking stimulants, such as Adderall, to help them stay awake long enough to study or complete assignments by their due dates. All too often, these prescription drugs are obtained without a legitimate prescription.
- Curiosity. College students are exploring many new aspects of their lives in personal and professional realms. It’s not uncommon for that self-exploration to dip into drug experimentation.
- Peer pressure. College students who are surrounded by other people experimenting with recreational and performance-enhancing drugs are more likely to try these substances for themselves.
Drugs of Choice on College Campuses
Trends change over time and no drug is immune to college experimentation. However, there are a few substances that are consistently abused among college students. These include:
- Alcohol makes up the vast majority of substance-related problems on college campuses. Because drinking is often socially acceptable, recognizing a problem in college students who drink can be difficult.
- Dubbed the “study drug,” Adderall and other stimulants are increasing in popularity among college students who are facing pressure to meet all of their academic requirements.
- As legislation tips in favor of marijuana legalization, more college students are turning to pot as their drug of choice. On some campuses, marijuana use outweighs even that of alcohol.
- Popularized in the 90s, ecstasy has made a resurgence in recent years in its pure form, known as MDMA or molly. College students fall well within the target age range for the “party drug,” which is most often abused by teens and 20-somethings. MDMA is most common at raves and concerts.
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The Effects of Alcohol on College Students
Alcohol is the most popular and dangerous drug on college campuses by far. To many, drinking is synonymous with the college experience; alcohol is nearly always present at house parties, sporting events and student get-togethers. Because the use of alcohol during college is widespread and often condoned, many college students end up drinking more alcohol more frequently than their peers who aren’t in college.
Four out of five college students drink alcohol.
Nearly half of students who drink have reported binge drinking, according to a report by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Excessive drinking is not only a major health concern in the long-term, it can lead to immediate tragedies such as assault, injury, arrest and even death. Learn more about binge drinking and the effects of alcohol on college campuses.
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Greek Life and Abuse
Although fraternities and sororities aim to create a family-like environment for college students to pursue academic and philanthropic endeavors, drinking and drug abuse in the Greek system is more common than students outside the system.
Students who are part of the Greek system are up to 26 percent more likely to binge drink.
Fraternity and sorority members are more likely than their non-Greek peers to abuse prescription drugs, including Adderall.
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Diet Pills and Eating Disorders at College
College students as a group are considered high-risk for the development of eating disorders. In fact, up to 25 percent of all college students struggle with an eating disorder, according to a report by the National Institute of Mental Health.
Alarmingly, that number is on the rise; one study showed the number of both men and women affected by an eating disorder has grown significantly over the past two decades. Many college students turn to diet pill abuse to help them lose weight. This can cause severe health problems up to and including death. Find out more about eating disorders and diet pill abuse on college campuses.
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