What Is Adventure Therapy?
Adventure therapy is a form of psychotherapy originating in the 1960s. This therapy combines nature, community, and daring exercises for therapy. The intent of adventure therapy is to improve an individual’s physical, social, spiritual, and psychological well-being through the healing power of the wilderness with evidence-based, experiential therapy, recreational activities, and wilderness expeditions.
Adventure therapy assists individuals, groups, and families as they overcome behavioral issues, substance use disorders (SUD), or various mental health concerns. Adventure therapy is a highly effective method, and the adventure therapist seeks to actively stimulate clients with different tools. For example, some adventure therapists encourage healing by allowing patients to use ropes to build trust while enjoying outdoor activities.
Benefits Of Adventure Therapy
- Adventure therapy is a powerful treatment approach for anxiety, depression, trauma, PTSD, grief, loss, eating disorders, and SUDs.
- It can be an exciting and productive element of family or relationship therapy.
- Adventure therapy has shown to be beneficial for the treatment of schizophrenia.
- It is highly beneficial for adolescents, teenagers, young adults, and individuals with various mental health concerns.
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How Does Adventure Therapy Work?
Adventure therapy promotes rehabilitation, growth, development, and enhancement of an individual’s physical, social, and psychological well-being through the application of structured activities involving direct experience. Adventure therapy includes the use of activities supported by traditional therapy. Often adventure therapy is conducted in a group or family context. It uses the environment to elicit change by utilizing experience and action with cooperative games, trust, and activities, problem solving initiatives, high adventure, outdoor pursuits, and wilderness expeditions. After each activity, the group debriefs or processes in a group setting. Debriefing or processing involves a discussion where facilitators help participants internalize the experience and relate it to therapeutic goals.
Empowering activities utilized in adventure therapies include:
- Rock climbing
- White water rafting
- Paddle boarding
- Snow camping
Activities, like caving, pose low-risk outcomes. The patient explores the inside of a cave, connecting to the sense of mystery with discovering the unknown. Paddle boarding includes the individual standing on a board and paddling. Here, they can practice the feeling of freedom while being in control. Rock climbing enables the individual to exercise the self-reliance and persistence needed to climb. Group endeavors like canoeing encourage communication and team work; lastly, camping helps people trust others and survive in different environments.
Featured Centers Offering Adventure Therapy
Adventure Therapy Versus Wilderness Therapy
Adventure therapy is often confused with wilderness therapy. Wilderness therapy is a subset of adventure therapy but only uses the weather and landscape. In contrast, adventure therapy often employs challenging man-made obstacles as well. In wilderness therapy, the main focus is adaptability and endurance, different from the emotions and physical challenge of adventure therapy. Additionally, wilderness therapy poses some risk, and it includes other treatments and strategies.
How Is Adventure Therapy Useful?
In teaching each patient mindfulness during fun activities, a major aim of adventure therapy is for patients to connect life experiences with their current outdoor activity. Moreover, patients gain a new sense of confidence and develop people skills and better social skills. For example, as patients learn how to rock climb, they can safely be open in their need for interdependence or assert their needs for independence. Adventure therapy offers flexibility in reflection and growth while being active.
Patients have mentioned the power of hands-on problem-solving, while facing the fear that comes with such challenges. In their isolation in nature, some patients experience spiritual awakenings. Finally, therapists are involved in patients’ goal-oriented and decision-making process, supporting and centering the groups’ experience.
Adventure therapy is also useful for:
- Encouraging and promoting a sense of responsibility
- Building positive relationships and learning to cooperate with others
- Acquiring positive social skills like communication and conflict resolution
- Improving self-awareness and self-confidence
- Increasing resilience
- Promoting greater engagement with therapy and a therapist
- Encouraging openness and emotional discovery
- Creating meaningful opportunities to face real-life experiences and challenges
- Decreasing symptoms of depression
- Increasing psychological resilience
- Improving self-esteem and emotional/behavioral functioning
- Teaching healthy coping skills, including stress management skills
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Adventure Therapy And Trauma Recovery
The hands-on and non-traditional healing practices of this therapy often works well for treating depression, trauma, anxiety, and schizophrenia. Adventure therapy has been shown to be effective for individuals of all ages, genders, and backgrounds. People participating in adventure therapy not only bond with others and learn to trust, they have the chance to heal without the associations of city life or environmental stressors. As a result of exciting activities, individuals are refreshed, energized, and full of increased confidence, self-trust, and self-honesty. Lastly, adventure therapy has been useful in rehab facilities for individuals struggling with emotional and mental conditions linked with substance use disorders. It differs from traditional practices, offering excitement in exchange for conventional methods.
Adventure Therapy And Resilience Training
People who practice adventure therapy have increased self-esteem and overall physical, social, and psychological well-being. Studies revealed a positive outcome for treating insecurities and anxieties through adventure therapy. Patients learn the value of resilience and “stronger feelings of competence.” Such feelings can help someone practice competence post-recovery to maintain the discipline needed for sobriety.
If you or a loved one struggles with substance use disorders and need a hands-on experience, there are options. As of late, some facilities are incorporating this therapy as part of their services, in addition to treatment medication, to offer balanced treatment. Contact a treatment provider today to explore available treatment options.
Ashish Bhatt, MD, MRO
Doctor of Addiction Medicine
Learn about Dr. Ashish Bhatt
Dr. Bhatt has been Addiction Center's Medical Content Director for more than three years, providing his expertise to ensure quality and accuracy.
Doctor of Addiction Medicine
Expert in adult and child psychiatry
Over 20 years of professional experience