Ohio Addiction Treatment
Many substances have caused problems in Ohio’s communities, but certain drugs pose the greatest threat to residents:
- Opioid prescription drugs
Marijuana is the most widely available drug in the state, and also ranks as the most seized drug by law enforcement. From 2008 to 2010, over 87,000 pounds of marijuana were uncovered by Ohio State Highway Patrol. However, treatment admissions for cocaine and heroin addiction in 2010 topped 11,834 and 9,750, respectively.
Drug trafficking operations from Mexico and the Southwest border states are Ohio’s primary drug supply sources. Ohio has the eighth largest national highway system, which carries the seventh highest volume of traffic in the nation. This allows drug transporters to blend in with the natural flow of traffic.
Teen substance abuse is also a major concern for Ohioans. Around 24 percent of high school students reported binge drinking during any given month in 2011, versus 22 percent of high school students nationwide.
While rates of accidental overdoses have skyrocketed in recent years, many of Ohio’s residents are seeking treatment.
Rehabs in Ohio, as well as centers across the nation, are prepared to help those in need of treatment for any type of addiction. Treatment providers can help. Get in touch with a treatment provider to learn more about available options.
Laws of Drug Abuse in Ohio
Ohio has a highly segmented penalty system for drug possession crimes. While possessing one type of drug comes with certain penalties, another substance may have an entirely different set of punishment criteria.
Controlled Dangerous Substances
Each controlled dangerous substance (CDS) in Ohio is classified into five separate categories known as schedules. Schedule I lists the drugs considered to be the most dangerous, with a high likelihood of abuse and no recognized medical value. Drugs in schedules II through V decrease in dangerousness and dependency potential but increase in recognized medical value.
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CDS Schedules I through II Possession Penalties
A person found in possession of a CDS listed in schedules I or II will be charged with a felony. Maximum fines and sentencing vary according to how much of the substance’s bulk amount was found. For example, the bulk amount for a five-milligram tablet of the oxycodone-based painkiller Endocet is 60 tablets.
|Less than bulk amount||Felony in the fifth degree||Fine up to $2,500, up to 1 year in prison|
|Bulk amount — 4.9 times the bulk amount||Felony in the third degree||Fine up to $10,000, up to 3 years in prison|
|5 times the bulk amount — 49.9 times the bulk amount||Felony in the second degree||Fine up to $15,000, up to 8 years in prison|
|50 times the bulk amount or more||Felony in the first degree||Fine up to $20,000, up to 11 years in prison|
CDS Schedules III through V Possession Penalties
A defendant found guilty of possessing a schedule III, IV or V CDS is charged with a felony or misdemeanor, depending on the bulk amount of the substance possessed.
|Less than bulk amount||First offense: Misdemeanor in the first degree||Fine up to $1,000, up to 180 days in jail|
|Subsequent offense: Felony in the fifth degree||Fine up to $2,500, up to 1 year in jail|
|Bulk amount — 4.9 times the bulk amount||Felony in the fourth degree||Fine up to $5,000, up to 3 years in prison|
|5 times the bulk amount — 49.9 times the bulk amount||Felony in the third degree||Fine up to $10,000, up to 3 years in prison|
|50 times the bulk amount or more||Felony in the second degree||Fine up to $15,000, up to 8 years in prison|
Cocaine and Heroin Possession Penalties
The penalties for heroin and cocaine possession are separated from other CDS penalties. Because both substances are extremely problematic in Ohio, violators can expect much more severe punishments in the form of high fines, long jail sentences or a combination of both.
The minimum sentence for cocaine or heroin possession – even for just a tiny amount of either substance – is a $2,500 fine and a year in prison.
Possession of marijuana for recreational use in Ohio is a crime. If a person is found with less than 100 grams, they are charged with a minor misdemeanor and charged a $150 fine. However, violators could face being charged with a felony if they’re caught with at least 200 grams. The maximum sentence for marijuana possession is eight years in prison and a fine of $20,000.
Medical Marijuana in Ohio
In June 2016, Ohio became the 25th state to legalize medical marijuana. The laws, which take effect in September 2016, allow seriously and terminally ill patients to purchase and use medical marijuana. Until dispensaries within the state become active in 2017, patients can get special permission to travel to other states to obtain the drug.
Patients qualify for medical marijuana if they have the following conditions:
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
- Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)
- Crohn’s disease
- Hepatitis C
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Chronic pain
- Parkinson’s Disease
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Sickle cell anemia
- Spinal cord disease or injuries
- Tourette’s syndrome
- Traumatic brain injuries
- Ulcerative colitis
Ohio High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA)
Ohio is part of the nation’s High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area program, which works to strengthen drug control efforts among local, state and Federal law enforcement agencies. The Ohio HIDTA consists of Cuyahoga, Fairfield, Greene, Franklin, Hamilton, Lucas, Mahoning, Montgomery, Stark, Summit and Warren counties. These counties are considered to be the most at-risk of the negative impacts drug trafficking organizations (DTO) can have.
Ohio’s HIDTA specifically focuses on violent crimes associated with illicit drug use. Law agencies and officials work closely together, sharing intelligence on regional drug trends that could lead to finding and ending drug trafficking operations. The HIDTA program provides the state with state-of-the-art equipment and technology to combat its drug issues and ensure public safety.
Ohio Harm Reduction Laws
Many states recognize that, regardless of the law, there will always be people who find a way to abuse drugs. Even if a person chooses to use drugs, they deserve the chance to avoid the risks of infection or injury.
Ohio is just one of many states with harm reduction programs and resources implemented to help its communities. These include naloxone training programs, clean syringe access centers and drug prevention education. By taking the steps needed to make residents aware of the state’s drug issues, people can make safer choices, resist the temptation to try drugs and avoid falling victim to an addiction.
Project DAWN (Deaths Avoided with Naloxone)
Building on its commitment to curb the increase of fatal drug overdoses, the state initiated Project DAWN. Project DAWN is a naloxone overdose education program that provides Ohio’s communities with training on naloxone administration.
Naloxone is a medication that has the potential to reverse an opioid-related overdose.
Participants in the program learn how to recognize the signs and symptoms of opioid-related overdoses, as well as learn to perform rescue breathing techniques and how to properly administer the life-saving medication.
“Start Talking!” Youth Drug Abuse Prevention
Research shows that children and teens are 50 percent less likely to use drugs or alcohol when parents and adults talk to them about substance abuse. Ohio’s “Start Talking!” initiative was launched to address the state’s rates of substance abuse among adolescents. The program encourages having an open, honest dialogue with children and teens about the realities and consequences of substance abuse.
“Start Talking!” brings together four programs to help start the conversation between adults, kids and teens:
- Know!: Parents, teachers and caregivers of middle school students can sign up to receive a free, twice-monthly email with conversation tips about the dangers of drug abuse.
- Parents360 Rx: Developed by the Partnership at Drugfree.org, this component provides action toolkits to assist parents and school leaders with hosting in-person discussions to support local drug prevention efforts.
- 5 Minutes For Life: Ohio Patrol and National Guard members talk to student athletes and encourage them to lead peer-to-peer conversations that promote healthy lifestyles.
- Building Youth Resiliency: Local communities utilize evidence-based programs to educate kids and teens about the realities of drug use in their neighborhoods in hopes of building resilience to peer pressure.
Ohio Addiction Treatment
Ohio’s addiction services offer comprehensive, personalized options that can fit you or your loved one’s specific needs. Because of the state’s high cocaine and heroin addiction rates, many of Ohio’s treatment programs are also tailored to help people with those kinds of addictions.
In 2014, Ohio expanded its Medicaid coverage to residents, making addiction treatment services available to more people in need of help. But if you don’t have Medicaid, there are still other ways of paying for treatment. In addition to financing options, many of the basic services offered by rehabs are covered by most health insurance plans. Be sure to check with your health insurance provider to find out which types of treatment your benefits can cover.
Finding the right treatment center can become overwhelming, especially if you limit your options to what’s closest to home. But oftentimes, the right form of treatment for you or your loved one could be located out of state. That’s why many people choose to travel for rehab in order to get the care they need. People who travel out of state for rehab find that they can focus better on their recovery because they’re far away from the environment that once sparked their addiction.
Traveling for rehab is a great chance to get a change of scenery. You’ll meet like-minded individuals and begin building the positive coping habits you’ll need in your ongoing recovery.
Help is available. Contact a treatment provider for addiction treatment information.